英検公式ページ 2023年度第一回 英検一級過去問題より引用
- Write an essay on the given TOPIC.
- Give THREE reasons to support your answer.
- Structure: introduction, main body, and conclusion
- Suggested length: 200-240 words
- Write your essay in the space provided on Side B of your answer sheet. Any writing outside the space will not be graded.
Is investment from foreign companies necessary for the sucess of Japan’s economy?
Although Japan is one of the world’s largest economies, many are concerned about its future growth. Investment from foreign companies, however, can be an essential source of capital and create opportunities to gain expertise while also offering vital access to overseas markets.
Foreign investment can be more substantial than domestic sources of capital, and this can help finance business activities that would otherwise be inaccessible. These include new product development or research
research into cutting-edge manufacturing technologies. The resulting increase in productivity will undoubtedly spur innovation and growth across various sectors.
Additionally, foreign companies can introduce new corporate practices that improve the efficiency and competitiveness of Japanese businesses. Courting foreign investment will expose Japanese firms to new business models and managing styles, creating more-dynamic business environments. And when workers from these companies move between jobs, these new ideas can disseminate throughout the economy and effect further beneficial change.
Furthermore, foreign investment provides opportunities for Japanese companies to expand globally. Overcoming barriers to international business expansion, such as cultural differences, is a common challenge. Through cooperation with foreign investors, however, Japanese firms can access new markets and distribution channels, which ultimately serves to bolster foreign confidence and strengthen international corporate ties.
In conclusion, foreign investment fosters new corporate growth while enriching businesses with new practices and creating inroads to overseas markets. As corporations prosper, so too does Japan’s economy via increased sales and employment, better corporate governance, and deeper international relationships.
Agree or disagree: Governments should provide a guaranteed basic income to all citizens as a means of poverty alleviation.
The idea of governments providing a guaranteed basic income to all citizens as a measure to alleviate poverty has been a topic of intense debate in recent years. While some argue that such a system could significantly improve the living conditions of vulnerable populations, others believe it might lead to dependency and financial strain on the state. In this essay, I will present three reasons why I strongly agree that governments should indeed provide a guaranteed basic income to all citizens.
Firstly, a guaranteed basic income ensures a safety net for individuals facing economic hardships. In times of economic downturns or unforeseen circumstances, many people struggle to meet their basic needs. A guaranteed income would help prevent extreme poverty, providing a lifeline to those who may otherwise fall through the cracks of the welfare system. This security would empower individuals to pursue education, training, or entrepreneurship without fear of destitution.
Secondly, a guaranteed basic income has the potential to stimulate economic growth. When people have a steady and reliable source of income, their purchasing power increases. This, in turn, boosts consumer spending and drives demand for goods and services, ultimately fueling economic activity. Additionally, the reduction in poverty and income inequality may lead to a more stable society, as financial stress is linked to various social issues.
Lastly, a guaranteed basic income simplifies the welfare system, making it more efficient and cost-effective. Current social welfare programs often come with bureaucratic overheads and complex eligibility criteria. A universal basic income eliminates the need for such administrative burdens, directing resources directly to those in need. This efficiency could result in significant cost savings, which could be redirected to other vital public services.
In conclusion, the implementation of a guaranteed basic income could be a transformative measure in the fight against poverty. It not only provides a safety net for vulnerable individuals but also stimulates economic growth and streamlines the welfare system. By ensuring that all citizens have their basic needs met, governments can foster a more just and equitable society, lifting millions out of poverty and paving the way for a brighter future for all.
Should the use of animals for scientific research be completely abolished?
The use of animals for scientific research has been a contentious topic, sparking debates on the ethical implications and necessity of such practices. While some argue that animal testing is essential for medical advancements and safety assessments, others advocate for its complete abolition, citing concerns about animal welfare and the availability of alternative methods. In this essay, I will present three reasons why I believe the use of animals for scientific research should be completely abolished.
Firstly, ethical considerations demand the abolition of animal testing. Animals, like humans, are sentient beings capable of experiencing pain and suffering. Subjecting them to experiments that may cause harm or distress raises significant moral concerns. Advances in technology have provided viable alternatives to animal testing, such as in vitro models, computer simulations, and human tissue culture, which can produce equally reliable results without causing harm to living creatures.
Secondly, the scientific validity of animal research has come under scrutiny. Many findings from animal experiments fail to translate effectively to humans due to biological differences between species. This lack of predictability diminishes the value of animal testing in advancing human medical knowledge. Emphasizing human-based research methods, such as clinical trials and human tissue studies, can yield more relevant and accurate results, accelerating medical progress.
Lastly, the financial and time costs associated with animal research can be prohibitive. Animal studies are often expensive, and the lengthy process of breeding, maintaining, and monitoring the animals can delay research progress. By shifting resources towards alternative methods, researchers can potentially streamline their work, leading to faster breakthroughs and a more efficient allocation of funds.
In conclusion, the complete abolition of animal testing is both ethically imperative and scientifically advantageous. Embracing alternative research methods not only upholds the moral responsibility to treat animals with compassion but also enables more reliable scientific advancements. By adopting humane and advanced approaches, we can progress towards a more enlightened and compassionate future without compromising scientific progress.
Agree or disagree: The benefits of nuclear energy outweigh the risks and make it a viable solution for sustainable power generation.
The use of nuclear energy as a source of power generation has sparked extensive discussions regarding its benefits and potential risks. While proponents argue that nuclear energy offers a sustainable solution to meet increasing global energy demands, opponents raise concerns about safety, nuclear waste disposal, and the potential for catastrophic accidents. In this essay, I will present three reasons why I agree that the benefits of nuclear energy outweigh the risks and make it a viable solution for sustainable power generation.
Firstly, nuclear energy is a low-carbon and environmentally friendly energy source. Unlike fossil fuels, nuclear power generation does not produce greenhouse gas emissions during operation, making it a crucial player in mitigating climate change. With the world facing pressing environmental challenges, transitioning to nuclear energy can significantly reduce our carbon footprint and support global efforts to combat climate change.
Secondly, nuclear power plants have a high energy density, producing large amounts of electricity from relatively small quantities of nuclear fuel. This efficiency reduces the need for frequent fuel refueling and minimizes the resource extraction required, resulting in a more sustainable energy option. Furthermore, the steady and continuous electricity supply from nuclear plants makes them reliable contributors to the power grid, complementing intermittent renewable energy sources like solar and wind.
Lastly, advancements in nuclear technology have greatly improved safety measures and reduced the risk of accidents. Modern nuclear reactors are designed with multiple layers of safety features, making them inherently safer than older designs. Additionally, stringent regulations and regular inspections ensure that nuclear power plants adhere to the highest safety standards.
In conclusion, the benefits of nuclear energy, including its low carbon emissions, high energy density, and enhanced safety measures, position it as a viable solution for sustainable power generation. Embracing nuclear energy can significantly contribute to a cleaner and more secure energy future, complementing other renewable sources and reducing our reliance on fossil fuels. By striking a balance between safety and progress, nuclear power can play a crucial role in powering a sustainable world.
Should national borders be open to unrestricted migration, or are there valid reasons to maintain strict immigration policies?
Agree or disagree: The increasing automation of jobs will lead to a more equitable society with reduced income disparities.
Should governments impose stricter regulations on the advertising and marketing of unhealthy food and beverages to combat the rise of obesity and related health issues?
Agree or disagree: The rise of automation and artificial intelligence will lead to widespread job displacement and unemployment in the future.
Should the use of fossil fuels be completely phased out to address climate change, or are there more balanced approaches to reducing carbon emissions?
Agree or disagree: Space exploration is a worthwhile investment for governments, despite the significant costs involved.
Should governments prioritize funding for renewable energy research and development over traditional energy sources to achieve a sustainable future?