【2024年新形式英検準1級】ライティング要約問題の対策方法と5つの予想問題

eiken

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英検がリニューアルしてライティングに要約問題が追加されるそうですが、要約はまだサンプル問題が少ないし、全く新しくて勉強方法もわからないし、対策に悩んでいます。

英検で要約問題は初めてなので、情報が少なく対策方法がわからず不安になりますよね。でも大丈夫です。この記事では、英検公式Zoomミーティングに参加して聞いた要約のコツとサンプル問題を参考に作った予想問題を紹介していますので、ライティングの対策方法がわかりライティング要約問題の不安が解消します。
(随時予想問題追加中 4/6一題追加)

記事の信ぴょう性
Koyuki

英語指導歴30年。殿堂入り・大賞受賞講師
英検1級
IELTS 7.0 (スピーキング・リーディング7.5)
普通教員免許 英語(中学・高校)保持
2014年から生徒としてオンライン英会話を10年間受講。その間、英検1級、IELTS7.0、TOEIC940点取得
ケンブリッジ大学認定CELTA保持
https://www.cambridgeenglish.org/teaching-english/teaching-qualifications/celta/

目次

【簡単】英検要約問題のコツ

eikentoeic
eikentoeic

新英検のライティング要約問題に関する英検公式の講師向け英検公式のZoomミーティングに参加しました。安河内先生がわかりやすく英検の要約問題のコツを教えていらっしゃったので、ここで簡単に紹介します。

公益財団法人 日本英語検定協会
公益財団法人 日本英語検定協会 英検(実用英語技能検定)の公式ウェブサイトです。受験の申し込みや試験日程・検定料・過去問題の閲覧、合否の確認ができます。高校・大学への入試優遇や単位認定優遇、英...
eiken
eiken

時間のあるうちに英検を取っておくと、後の受検勉強や大学生活、はたまた留学ととても忙しい時期に余裕がでる。英検で加点や免除があれば、受験で不安な時にとても安心!将来的には通訳案内士や公務員試験でまで優遇があるなんて。。。。

上の英検の有利性から見ても絶対合格したいですよね!
以下の2級のサンプルを使って要約方法を紹介します。

英検公式ページの準1級要約サンプル問題と回答例

以下の英文を読んで、その内容を英語で要約し, 解答欄に記入しなさい。
語数の目安は 45 語~55 語です。
●解答欄の外に書かれたものは採点されません。
解答が英文の要約になっていないと判断された場合は, 0点と採点されることが あります。 英文をよく読んでから答えてください。

要約問題文
When students go to college, some decide to live at home with their parents,
and others decide to rent an apartment by themselves. There are other choices, too.
These days, some of them choose to share a house with roommates.
What are the reasons for this? Some students have a roommate who is good at math or science and can give advice about homework. Other students have a roommate from abroad and can learn about a foreign language through everyday conversations. Because of this, they have been able to improve their foreign language skills.
On the other hand, some students have a roommate who stays up late at night and watches TV. This can be noisy and make it difficult for others to get enough sleep. Some students have a roommate who rarely helps with cleaning the house. As a result, they have to spend a lot of time cleaning the house by themselves.

要約例
These days, some college students share a house with roommates. By doing this, some students can get help from thieir roommates with various things, such as math, science, or foreign languages. However, some students have trouble with their roommates, such as trouble about sleeping times or cleaning the house.

要約文を書くための3つの手順

STEP
まずざっくりと文を読みおおまかに言っている意味をとらえる
STEP
主題をとらえる

要約問題文
When students go to college, some decide to live at home with their parents,
and others decide to rent an apartment by themselves. There are other choices, too.
These days, some of them choose to share a house with roommates.
What are the reasons for this? Some students have a roommate who is good at math or science and can give advice about homework. Other students have a roommate from abroad and can learn about a foreign language through everyday conversations. Because of this, they have been able to improve their foreign language skills.
On the other hand, some students have a roommate who stays up late at night and watches TV. This can be noisy and make it difficult for others to get enough sleep. Some students have a roommate who rarely helps with cleaning the house. As a result, they have to spend a lot of time cleaning the house by themselves.

緑のThese days, some of them choose to share a house with roommates.が主題で、その後、ルームシェアする際のいい点と悪い点について書いていることをとらえます。黄色いラインがいい点と悪い点について書かれている所です。On the other handがいい点と悪い点を対比していることがわかるヒントとなります。

STEP
具体的な部分を抽象的に言い換えて短くする

要約は具体例を抽象的に書くのが命!

要約問題文
What are the reasons for this? Some students have a roommate who is good at math or science and can give advice about homework. Other students have a roommate from abroad and can learn about a foreign language through everyday conversations. Because of this, they have been able to improve their foreign language skills.

some students can get help from thieir roommates with various things, such as math, science, or foreign languages.

上では、黄色い具体的な部分をピンクの部分のように抽象的にまとめています。
various things, such as 2,3の例の表現は使えます!

極端な例だとI ate bananas, apples, strawberries, peaches, melons and oranges. という文があったら具体的でだらだらしているので、要約すると
I ate fruits, such as bananas, apples, and strawberries. というふうにまとめます。

要約問題文
On the other hand, some students have a roommate who stays up late at night and watches TV. This can be noisy and make it difficult for others to get enough sleep. Some students have a roommate who rarely helps with cleaning the house. As a result, they have to spend a lot of time cleaning the house by themselves.

However, some students have trouble with their roommates, such as trouble about sleeping times or cleaning the house.

同様に後半の悪い点についてはOn the other handを類義語のHowever, で短くまとめ、やはり嫌な事はまとめてtrouble と言い換え、何個かの具体例をsuch as の後に書いていますね。

英検ライティング要約の予想問題5題

実際に英検の要約の予想問題をやってみましょう。

英検ライティング要約予想問題1

eiken
eiken

Homestays offer travelers a unique opportunity to immerse themselves in local culture and experience genuine hospitality. By living with host families, travelers can gain insights into daily life, participate in traditions, and develop meaningful connections. This authentic experience not only enriches travel but also fosters cultural understanding and personal growth.

However, homestays also present challenges. Privacy may be limited, as guests share living spaces with host families. Cultural differences and language barriers can lead to misunderstandings or discomfort. Despite these challenges, the benefits of cultural immersion, language practice, and personal connections often outweigh the drawbacks for adventurous travelers seeking authentic experiences. Ultimately, homestays provide a rewarding and enriching way to explore the world.

Homestays immerse travelers in local culture and genuine hospitality, offering insights into daily life and fostering meaningful connections. Despite challenges like limited privacy and cultural differences, the benefits of cultural immersion and personal growth outweigh drawbacks. For adventurous travelers seeking authentic experiences, homestays provide a rewarding and enriching way to explore the world.

英検ライティング要約予想問題2

eikenpre1dokkai.
eikenpre1dokkai.

Universal Basic Income (UBI) has garnered attention for its potential to address poverty and inequality. Advocates argue that UBI provides financial security to all citizens, ensuring no one falls below the poverty line. This unconditional income could also empower individuals to pursue education, training, or entrepreneurial ventures without the fear of financial instability, fostering economic growth and innovation.

However, critics raise valid concerns about the feasibility and unintended consequences of UBI. Implementing such a program on a large scale would require significant financial resources, potentially leading to higher taxes or cuts to essential services. Moreover, there are fears that UBI could disincentivize work and create dependency on government assistance, undermining productivity and personal responsibility. Additionally, some argue that UBI may not address the root causes of poverty and inequality, such as structural barriers to employment and access to resources.

In conclusion, while Universal Basic Income offers the promise of reducing poverty and empowering individuals, it also presents challenges related to funding, work incentives, and addressing systemic issues. As discussions around UBI continue, it is essential to carefully consider both its potential benefits and drawbacks, as well as alternative solutions to promoting economic security and equality.

Universal Basic Income (UBI) aims to alleviate poverty by providing financial security to all citizens, enabling pursuit of education and entrepreneurship. Critics worry about funding challenges, work disincentives, and lack of focus on root causes of poverty. Balancing its potential benefits and drawbacks is crucial as discussions around UBI persist, urging consideration of alternative solutions for economic security and equality.

英検ライティング要約予想問題3

eiken
eiken

In 1918, the Representation of the People Act marked a historic moment in the United Kingdom’s political landscape by granting women the right to vote for the first time. This milestone was a hard-fought victory for the suffragette movement, which had campaigned tirelessly for women’s suffrage. The Act granted voting rights to women over the age of 30 who met certain property qualifications, effectively enfranchising around 8.4 million women. Although this was not full suffrage, it marked significant progress towards gender equality in the political sphere.

The women’s suffrage movement in the UK had been a long and arduous struggle, marked by activism, protests, and even acts of civil disobedience. Suffragettes, led by prominent figures such as Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters, faced opposition, ridicule, and even imprisonment in their quest for equal voting rights. The passing of the Representation of the People Act was a testament to their resilience and dedication, highlighting the power of grassroots activism in effecting social change.

The enfranchisement of women in 1918 was a pivotal moment in British history, signaling a shift towards greater inclusivity and democracy. Subsequent legislation would further extend voting rights to women, ultimately leading to full suffrage on equal terms with men in 1928. The women who fought for the right to vote paved the way for future generations of women to participate fully in the democratic process, leaving a lasting legacy of progress and equality in the UK.

In 1918, the Representation of the People Act granted voting rights to women over 30 in the UK, a significant victory for the suffragette movement. Despite limitations, it enfranchised 8.4 million women, marking progress towards gender equality. Suffragettes’ activism, led by figures like Emmeline Pankhurst, played a crucial role. This milestone paved the way for further expansions of women’s suffrage, shaping the UK’s democratic landscape.

英検ライティング要約予想問題4

eiken
eiken

Helen Beatrix Potter, best known as Beatrix Potter, was a renowned English author and illustrator born in 1866. She is celebrated for her enchanting children’s books, most notably “The Tale of Peter Rabbit,” which has become a beloved classic worldwide. Potter’s tales often revolve around anthropomorphic animals and feature intricate illustrations that captivate readers of all ages.

Beyond her literary achievements, Potter was also a pioneering conservationist and naturalist. She had a deep love for the countryside and its wildlife, which she often depicted in her stories. Potter’s passion for nature led her to become actively involved in conservation efforts, including efforts to preserve the Lake District, where she lived and found inspiration for many of her tales.

Potter’s legacy extends far beyond her literary contributions; her dedication to conservation and her timeless stories continue to inspire readers and environmentalists alike. Through her work, she not only entertained generations but also instilled a love and appreciation for nature, leaving an enduring mark on literature and the natural world.

Beatrix Potter, born in 1866, is renowned for her beloved children’s books, notably “The Tale of Peter Rabbit.” Her enchanting tales and intricate illustrations captivate readers worldwide. Beyond writing, Potter was a passionate conservationist, actively involved in preserving the Lake District’s natural beauty. Her legacy as an author and environmentalist continues to inspire generations, instilling a love for nature and literature among readers worldwide.

英検ライティング要約予想問題5

business
business

Studying in the United States is a popular choice for international students. The country is home to many prestigious universities and colleges known for their high-quality education and diverse student populations. Studying in the U.S. is the opportunity to immerse oneself in American culture and improve English language skills. Additionally, students can choose from a wide range of academic programs and extracurricular activities to enhance their learning experience.However, there are also challenges associated with studying in the U.S. The cost of tuition and living expenses can be quite high, especially for international students. Securing a student visa can be a complex process, requiring careful planning and documentation. Furthermore, adjusting to a new cultural and social environment can be difficult for some students, leading to feelings of homesickness or isolation.

Studying in the U.S. is popular due to its prestigious universities, diverse student body, and cultural immersion opportunities. It offers a wide range of academic programs and extracurricular activities. However, challenges include high costs, complex visa processes, and the difficulty of adjusting to a new culture.

英検ライティング要約予想問題6

Plastic pollution has emerged as a significant environmental challenge in Vietnam, particularly due to the widespread use of single-use plastics. Despite some cities implementing bans on these items, inadequate waste management infrastructure and limited public awareness continue to exacerbate the issue. Vietnam’s rapid economic development has led to a surge in plastic production and consumption, further intensifying the problem.

To address this crisis, Vietnam must adopt more effective waste management strategies. This includes enhancing recycling facilities and implementing better waste collection systems nationwide. Additionally, there is a critical need for comprehensive education campaigns to raise awareness about the environmental impacts of plastic pollution. By educating the public and promoting sustainable alternatives to single-use plastics, Vietnam can work towards mitigating the adverse effects of plastic pollution on its environment and ecosystems.

In conclusion, the plastic problem in Vietnam requires urgent and concerted efforts from both the government and the public. By implementing comprehensive waste management solutions and fostering a culture of environmental responsibility, Vietnam can take significant strides towards reducing plastic pollution and preserving its natural resources for future generations.


Vietnam faces a pressing issue with plastic pollution, driven by widespread use of single-use plastics despite some city bans. Inadequate waste management and low awareness exacerbate the problem, intensified by rapid economic growth. To combat this, Vietnam needs improved waste management, including better recycling and collection. Education campaigns are crucial to promote awareness and sustainable alternatives, vital for mitigating plastic pollution and preserving the environment.

¥2,255 (2024/03/05 09:49時点 | Yahooショッピング調べ)

2024年新形式英検準1級 要約まとめ

eiken
eiken

英検の要約は慣れていない方が多いと思います。まずは英検公式のサンプル問題やこのブログでの予想問題などを自分で書く練習をしてみてください。この記事でご紹介した要約の方法もぜひご活用くださいね。ご自身で書いた要約は数学のように正解は一つではありません。英検対策専門のオンライン英会話で日本人の先生にアドバイスをもらいながら添削してもらうと効率よく要約力を養えるのでおすすめです。以下に私も実際体験レッスンを受けて信頼できると感じたスクールをご紹介しておきます。無料体験レッスンから試せるので安心です。

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