【2024年新形式英検2級】ライティング要約のコツと5つの無料予想問題

eiken

目次

英検のライティングが苦手です。配点が高いけれどなかなかスコアが伸びず困っています。2024年度からは要約問題も始まり対策方法がわからず、ますます気が重いです。

そうですよね。ライティングは伸びにくいので悩んでいる生徒さんが多いですね。でもご安心ください。

この記事では、英検2級の合格者だけでも20名以上送り出してきた私がライティングのコツをご紹介します。

読むだけでもスコアアップのヒントがいっぱいですよ。予想問題や要約の練習問題も作りました。ぜひご活用下さい。

記事の信ぴょう性
Koyuki
 Xで最新情報配信中
英語指導歴30年。殿堂入り・大賞受賞講師
英検1級
IELTS 7.0 (スピーキング・リーディング7.5)
普通教員免許 英語(中学・高校)保持
2014年から生徒としてオンライン英会話を10年間受講。その間、英検1級、IELTS7.0、TOEIC940点取得
ケンブリッジ大学認定CELTA保持
https://www.cambridgeenglish.org/teaching-english/teaching-qualifications/celta/

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eiken
目次

英検2級のレベル

eiken6
eiken6

英検2級のレベル

以下、英検公式ページを参考にまとめました。

他の試験と比べると以下のようになっています。

英検2級 合格点

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eiken

https://www.eiken.or.jp/eiken/result/eiken-cse_admission.html

英検2級の合格スコアは一次試験は1520、二次試験は460です。

英検2級ライティング採点基準

eiken
eiken

英作文についての採点基準です。スコアアップのコツを書きました。

STEP
内容

課題で求められている内容が含まれているかが見られます

書かれていない情報や自分の意見などは入れないように

STEP
構成

英文の構成や流れがわかりやすく論理的か

良い点と悪い点には、however, on the other handなどの接続語を使ってメリハリをつけましょう

STEP
語彙

課題に相応しい語彙を正しく使えているか
英検2級を目指すなら英検4、5級のような語彙ではなく随所に英検2級にふさわしい語彙を使います。また同じ単語を何度も使わないように

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STEP
文法

文構造にバリエーションがあり、文法を正しく使えているか

伝わる英語かどうかが重視されています。そうでなければ減点されます。日頃から文法の基礎力をつけましょう

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【簡単】英検要約問題のコツ

英検公式の講師向け英検公式のZoomミーティングに参加しました。安河内先生がわかりやすく英検の要約問題のコツを紹介しています。

公益財団法人 日本英語検定協会
公益財団法人 日本英語検定協会 英検(実用英語技能検定)の公式ウェブサイトです。受験の申し込みや試験日程・検定料・過去問題の閲覧、合否の確認ができます。高校・大学への入試優遇や単位認定優遇、英...
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eiken
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eiken

英検2級からは履歴書にも書けるレベル。高校や大学入試で加算、免除する学校が増えます。
人生にで有利になります。

履歴書には、通称英検の正式名称で「実用英語技能検定試験2級」と書きます。

2024年度 新形式 英検2級ライティング

以下の英文を読んで、その内容を英語で要約し, 解答欄に記入しなさい。
語数の目安は 45 語~55 語です。
●解答欄の外に書かれたものは採点されません。
解答が英文の要約になっていないと判断された場合は, 0点と採点されることが あります。 英文をよく読んでから答えてください。

When students go to college, some decide to live at home with their parents,
and others decide to rent an apartment by themselves. There are other choices, too.
These days, some of them choose to share a house with roommates.
What are the reasons for this? Some students have a roommate who is good at math or science and can give advice about homework. Other students have a roommate from abroad and can learn about a foreign language through everyday conversations. Because of this, they have been able to improve their foreign language skills.
On the other hand, some students have a roommate who stays up late at night and watches TV. This can be noisy and make it difficult for others to get enough sleep. Some students have a roommate who rarely helps with cleaning the house. As a result, they have to spend a lot of time cleaning the house by themselves.

最新情報
以下は英検公式ページが出した要約例です。

These days, some college students share a house with roommates. By doing this, some students can get help from thieir roommates with various things, such as math, science, or foreign languages. However, some students have trouble with their roommates, such as trouble about sleeping times or cleaning the house.

2級の過去問で練習するのが王道

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要約文がすぐできるようになる3つのコツ

英検公式の要約のコツをお伝えしますね。

STEP
文を読みざっくりと意味をとらえる

文全体を読み、大まかに何について書かれている文なのかをとらえます。

STEP
主題をとらえる

要約問題文
When students go to college, some decide to live at home with their parents,
and others decide to rent an apartment by themselves. There are other choices, too.
These days, some of them choose to share a house with roommates.
What are the reasons for this? Some students have a roommate who is good at math or science and can give advice about homework. Other students have a roommate from abroad and can learn about a foreign language through everyday conversations. Because of this, they have been able to improve their foreign language skills.
On the other hand, some students have a roommate who stays up late at night and watches TV. This can be noisy and make it difficult for others to get enough sleep. Some students have a roommate who rarely helps with cleaning the house. As a result, they have to spend a lot of time cleaning the house by themselves.

上の文では、緑のThese days, some of them choose to share a house with roommates.が主題。

その後、ルームシェアする際のいい点と悪い点について書いています。
主題は「何について書かれているのか」をまとめた文。

黄色いラインが長所と短所。On the other handが長所と短所を見つけるヒントです。

STEP
【スコアアップ】具体的な部分を抽象的に言い換えて短くする

要約は具体例を抽象的に書くのが命!
コピー&ペーストだけではいいスコアがもらえません。
下でコツを説明しますね。

要約問題文
What are the reasons for this? Some students have a roommate who is good at math or science and can give advice about homework. Other students have a roommate from abroad and can learn about a foreign language through everyday conversations. Because of this, they have been able to improve their foreign language skills.

some students can get help from thieir roommates with various things, such as math, science, or foreign languages.

具体的な部分をピンクの部分のように抽象的にまとめています。
various things, such as 2,3の例の表現は使えます!

例えばI ate bananas, apples, strawberries, peaches, melons and oranges. という文は具体的。

抽象的に要約すれば、I ate fruits, such as bananas, apples, and strawberries. これでスコアがアップします。

要約問題文
On the other hand, some students have a roommate who stays up late at night and watches TV. This can be noisy and make it difficult for others to get enough sleep. Some students have a roommate who rarely helps with cleaning the house. As a result, they have to spend a lot of time cleaning the house by themselves.

良い回答例
However, some students have trouble with their roommates, such as trouble about sleeping times or cleaning the house.

後半の悪い点についてはOn the other handを類義語のHoweverで短くし嫌な事はまとめてtrouble と言い換えます。

何個かの具体例をsuch as の後に書いています。

生徒さんにコピー&ペーストは良くないと伝えたら、難しいと悩んでいました。その場合は、コピー&ペーストしたい文を何か所か類義語で言い換えるのがお勧め。

言いたい文を理解し自分の英語の言葉でアウトプットするとスコアアップ。

英検2級 ライティング要約の予想問題5題

eiken

予想問題1

Homestay in Canada is a popular choice for international students seeking an immersive cultural experience while studying abroad. This accommodation option involves living with a Canadian host family, offering a unique opportunity to experience daily life in the country.

One of the key advantages of homestay is the chance to improve language skills. Living with native speakers provides constant exposure to English, helping students enhance their fluency and confidence. Additionally, homestay offers a supportive environment for newcomers, with hosts often providing guidance on local customs and culture.

However, living with a host family means adapting to their lifestyle and rules, which may not always align with one’s preferences. Additionally, some students may find it challenging to adjust to a new environment and communicate effectively with their hosts.

Homestay in Canada is favored by international students for its cultural immersion. Living with a Canadian host family aids in English proficiency and cultural understanding. Nonetheless, adapting to the host family’s lifestyle and rules can pose challenges.

予想問題2

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eiken

Learning a foreign language at an early age has been a topic of interest and debate among educators and parents. Many argue that exposing children to a second language during their formative years can have numerous benefits, while others raise concerns about potential drawbacks.

One of the main advantages of learning a foreign language at an early age is the enhanced cognitive development it can promote. Studies have shown that bilingual children tend to have better problem-solving skills, improved creativity, and enhanced multitasking abilities compared to monolingual children. Additionally, early exposure to a second language has been linked to better academic performance in other areas, such as mathematics and reading comprehension.

However, some critics argue that introducing a foreign language too early can be overwhelming for young children. They suggest that children may struggle to grasp the complexities of a second language and may become frustrated or disinterested, leading to a negative learning experience. Additionally, there is concern that early language learning may detract from the development of other important skills, such as socialization and emotional intelligence.

Teachers and parents debate whether learning a foreign language early benefits children or overwhelms them. Supporters believe it enhances problem-solving skills, creativity, and academic performance. Critics fear it may be too challenging, causing frustration and neglecting other vital skills like socialization.

予想問題3

english2
english2

Studying English abroad is a popular choice for many people looking to improve their language skills. This experience offers a unique opportunity to immerse oneself in an English-speaking environment, which can greatly enhance one’s proficiency in the language.

One of the main advantages of studying English abroad is the opportunity to practice speaking and listening skills in real-life situations. Being surrounded by native speakers allows students to engage in everyday conversations, which can significantly improve their fluency and confidence. Additionally, studying abroad provides a chance to experience the culture firsthand, gaining a deeper understanding of the language and its nuances.

However, studying English abroad can be expensive. Tuition fees, accommodation, and living expenses can add up, making it inaccessible for some students. Additionally, adjusting to a new culture and environment can be challenging, and some students may feel homesick or struggle to adapt to their new surroundings.

Studying English abroad is popular for improving language skills through immersion. It helps practice speaking and listening with native speakers, boosting fluency and confidence. However, it can be costly, and adjusting to a new culture may be challenging.

予想問題4

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eiken

Students’ volunteer experiences can be valuable for their personal growth and development. Engaging in volunteer work allows students to contribute to their communities, gain new skills, and broaden their perspectives. However, there are also challenges and drawbacks associated with volunteer work that students should consider.

One of the main advantages of students’ volunteer experiences is the opportunity to make a positive impact on others. By volunteering, students can help address social issues, support local organizations, and make a difference in the lives of those in need. This can be a rewarding experience that fosters a sense of empathy and social responsibility.

On the other hand, a potential drawback of students’ volunteer experiences is the time commitment involved. Balancing volunteer work with academic studies and other responsibilities can be challenging for students. Additionally, some volunteer opportunities may require students to work in unfamiliar or uncomfortable environments, which can be intimidating.

Volunteering is good for students. It helps them grow and give back to their communities. But it can also be hard. While volunteering teaches new skills and empathy, students may find it tough to manage their time and work in new places.

予想問題5

Ebooks have become increasingly popular in recent years, offering readers a convenient and portable way to access a wide range of literature. While there are many advantages to ebooks, there are also some drawbacks that should be considered.

One of the main advantages of ebooks is their convenience. Ebooks can be easily downloaded and read on a variety of devices, such as smartphones, tablets, and e-readers. This means that readers can carry an entire library with them wherever they go, eliminating the need to carry heavy physical books.

However, one potential drawback of ebooks is the lack of tactile feedback. Unlike traditional books, ebooks do not offer the same physical experience of turning pages and feeling the weight of the book in your hands. Some readers may find this lack of physicality less satisfying than reading a traditional book.

Ebooks are now more popular, providing a convenient and portable method to access a wide range of literature.Ebooks offer convenience and portability, allowing readers to carry many books on a single device. However, they lack the tactile experience of physical books, which some readers may find less satisfying.

2024年第1回要約過去問題

2024年6月2日に行われた新形式英検初の要約問題の過去問題が6月8日に公開されました。

要約例

英検主催の安河内先生のZoomミーティングに参加し以下の動画を参考に作った予想問題は大きく形式がずれることなく的中していました。

英検公式要約文のコツ 解説

何度もビデオを見て安河内先生のおっしゃっていることをよく理解して、たくさん練習するのがおすすめ。最初はできなくても習うより慣れよでできるようになります。

My tutorは新形式英検に対応。下のリンクから無料体験レッスンが試せます。

意見を述べるためのデータ厳選リンク集

さまざまな意見を述べるために知っておきたいデータのリンク集
英検2級はさまざまなトピックについて聞かれます。
以下のデータのリンク集は意見を書く時の証拠、理由につかえますよ。

http://www.stat.go.jp/ 情報白書
http://www.soumu.go.jp/johotsusintokei/whitepaper/index.html 経産省 各種白書・報告書 http://www.meti.go.jp/report/whitepaper/index.html 文科省 統計情報 http://www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/toukei/main_b8.htm 厚生労働省 各種統計調査 https://www.mhlw.go.jp/toukei_hakusho/toukei/index.html 国土交通省 統計情報 http://www.mlit.go.jp/statistics/details/東京商工リサーチ 市場調査・産業調査

英検2級 ライティング要約まとめ

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eiken

英検の要約はこのブログでの予想問題などを自分で書く練習をしてみてください。この記事でご紹介した要約の方法もぜひご活用ください。

慣れてしまうと従来の自分の意見を書く英作文より簡単。要約は正解は一つではないので英検対策専門のオンライン英会話で先生に添削してもらうと効率よく要約力を養えます。


英作文の添削は日本人の英検専門講師さんがいるスモールワールドさん、ワールドトークさん、KIRIHARA online academyさんの無料体験レッスンでしてもらえます。

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